Djakarta —Jakarta —present. Its current name "Jakarta" derives from the word Jayakarta Devanagari: It was named after troops of Fatahillah successfully defeated and drove away Portuguese invaders from the city in Jakarta is nicknamed the Big Durianthe thorny strongly-odored fruit native to the region, as the city is seen as the Indonesian equivalent of New York City the Big Apple.
Surabaya is the second-largest city in Indonesia with a population of over 3 million within the city proper and over 10 million in the Greater Surabaya metropolitan area, known as Gerbangkertosusila.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, Surabaya was the largest city in the Dutch East Indieslarger than Batavia present day Jakarta and the centre of trading in the nation, which was then a competitor of Shanghai and Hong Kong. History Etymology Fighting shark and crocodile, the emblem of Surabaya city applied since colonial times, derived from local folk etymology Surabaya alludes to a prophecy of Jayabayaa 12th-century psychic king of Universitas ciputra culinary business plan Kingdomforeseeing a fight between a giant white shark and a giant white crocodile taking place in the area, which is sometimes interpreted as foretelling the Mongol invasion of Javaa major conflict between the forces of Kublai KhanMongol ruler of Chinaand those of Raden Wijaya 's Majapahit in Some people consider Jayabaya's prophecy as being about the great war between native Surabayan people and foreign invaders at the start of the war of independence in Another story tells of two heroes who fought each other to be the king of the city.
The two heroes were named Sura and Baya.
These folk etymologiesthough embraced enthusiastically by its people and city leaders, are unverifiable. Dutch residenthuis resident house along the water in Surabaya Red Bridge area from the air in the s Early history Map of Surabaya from an English travel guide The Kingdom of Janggala was one of the two Javanese kingdoms that was formed in when Airlangga abdicated his throne in favour of his two sons.
The earliest historical record of Surabaya was in the book Zhu fan zhi written by Zhao Ruguain which it was called Jung-ya-lu. Hujung Galuh was located on the estuarine of Brantas River and today is the part of modern Surabaya city and Sidoarjo Regency.
By the 14th to 15th centuries, Surabaya seems to be one of Majapahit ports or coastal settlements, together with Tuban, Gresik, and Hujung Galuh Sidoarjo.
Ma Huan documented the early 15th-century visit of Zheng He 's treasure ships in his book Yingya Shenglan: At the estuary, the outflowing water is fresh". He describes his travel to Majapahit capital, first he arrived to the port of Tu-pan Tuban where he saw large numbers of Chinese settlers migrated from Guangdong and Chou Chang.
Then, he sailed east to thriving new trading town of Ko-erh-hsi GresikSu-pa-erh-ya Surabayaand then sailing inland into the river by smaller boat to southwest until reached the Brantas river port of Chang-ku Changgu. Continuing to travel by land to the southwest, he arrived in Man-che-po-I Majapahitwhere the Javanese king stayed.
The settlement of Ampel Denta, located around Ampel Mosque in today Ampel subdistrict, Semampir district, north Surabaya, was established by a charismatic Islamic proselytizer Sunan Ampel. In the late 15th and 16th centuries, Surabaya grew to be a duchya major political and military power in eastern Java.
With this conquest, Mataram then controlled almost the whole of Java, with the exception of the Sultanate of Banten and the Dutch settlement of Batavia. In consolidating its rule over Surabaya, and in time, the rest of East Java, the Dutch collaborated with leading regional magnates, including Ngabehi Soero Pernollo —his brother Han Bwee Kong, Kapitein der Chinezen —and the latter's son, Han Chan Piet, Majoor der Chinezen —all from the powerful Han family of Lasem.
It became a major trading centre under the Dutch colonial government, and hosted the largest naval base in the colony. Surabaya was also the largest city in the colony serving as the centre of Java's plantation economy, industry and were supported by its natural harbour. Ina revolt occurred among the soldiers and sailors of Surabaya, led by the Indies Social Democratic Association.
The revolt was firmly crushed and the insurgents given harsh sentences. Independence era The burnt-out car of Brigadier Mallaby on the spot where he was killed by pro-independence Indonesian soldiers during the Battle of Surabaya on 31 October Japan occupied the city inas part of the occupation of Indonesiaand it was bombed by the Allies in The young nation soon came into conflict with the British, who had become caretakers of the Dutch colony after the surrender of the Japanese.
The Allies gave an ultimatum to the Republicans inside the city to surrender, but they refused. The ensuing battle, which cost thousands of lives, took place on November 10, which Indonesians subsequently celebrate as Hari Pahlawan Heroes' Day.
The incident of the red-white flag the Dutch flag at the top of Yamato Hotel's tower that was torn into the Indonesian red-white flag by Bung Tomo is also recorded as a heroic feat during the struggle of this city. The city is known as Kota Pahlawan "city of heroes" due to the importance of the Battle of Surabaya in galvanizing Indonesian and international support for Indonesian independence during the Indonesian National Revolution.
Surabaya was reported by a Singaporean as being clean and green. It is mostly lowlands with a river estuary of Kalimasone of two branches of the Brantas River. Surabaya city borders Madura Strait in the north and east, Sidoarjo Regency in the south, and Gresik Regency in the west. The regencies surrounding Surabaya are:Additional Info: Strategic location near from Train Station Palmerah, culinary, entertainment center, near to SCBD area, Kuningan, Sudirman, Semanggi, Hospital, free 3 in 1 easy public transportation access, near to Tanah Abang, Slipi, Permata Hijau, Senayan.
This apartment is located in the business center, with plenty of public facilities such as Royal Taruma Hospital and several leading universities in Jakarta like Trisakti University and Tarumanegara University. Kedepannya Marketeers bersama BNI lewat komunitas Campus Marketeers Club (CMC) akan terus melakukan aktivasi rutin ke kampus di tanah air dan menyelenggarakan berbagai kontes sepanjang / antara lain Creativepreneur Contest, Business Plan Contest, dan Marketing Plan Contest.
The greatest cooking competition held by Universitas Ciputra's Culinary Business Student Union?!. 📆 16th - 17th September 📍 Universitas Ciputra, UC Town - Citraland. Villa Parikesit is located at the slope of Merbabu mountain with beautiful view and chilly (Website hidden by Airbnb) Cottage on Jalan Parikesit near the downtown of Salatiga.
Universitas Ciputra Entrepreneurship Online atau “UCEO” menyelenggarakan program pembelajaran jarak jauh yang dibuka secara umum dalam bentuk program non-degree dengan metode experience-based learning serta project-based learning.