At first shellshock was thought to be caused by soldiers being exposed to exploding shells. Doctors soon found that many men suffering the symptoms of shell shock without having even been in the front lines. Many soldiers found themselves re-living his experiences of combat long after the war had ended. Officers suffered some of the worst symptoms because they were called upon to repress their emotions to set an example for their men; due to this, war neurosis was four times higher among officers then among the regular soldiers Shell Shock.
Soldiers report missing home, feeling sad, sleep problems, and anxiety. This model of psychological injury persists into the U. An early medical account of trauma.
They are treated with rest and light duties. The first understanding that a traumatic event could cause psychological as well as physical injury.
People traumatized by accidents on railways were referred to as having Railroad Spinal Syndrome by the English surgeon Frederick Erichsen. Goya, a painter created Los Desastres de la Guerra [The Disasters of War] to illustrate atrocities rather than heroic feats ; many of which he saw during the French invasion of Spain in Irritable heart is used to describe PTSD in civil war soldiers.
Unrelated to war, writer Charles Dickens wrote of experiencing "railway shaking" and a phobia of train travel after being traumatized in a railway accident, and witnessing people dying : Da Costa, an army surgeon in the U.
Psychic trauma is a term proposed by Eulenberg for emotional shock leading to concussion of the brain. He claims that physical injury could produce psychological symptoms. Charcot later made significant contributions to the current understanding of Dissociation and Dissociative Identity Disorder Multiple Personality Disorder.
Surgeon Henry Page discounts any spinal cause for PTSD symptoms, stating that nervous shock, which had previously been considered just a symptom, was psychological but caused the body's nervous system to malfunction.
He introduces the terms Nervous shock and Functional Disorder.
Oppenheim claimed there was a physical "disturbance" in the cerebrum within the brain. This began the use of word trauma in psychiatry, rather than solely in surgery.
George Miller Beard introduces the term "neurasthenia" nervous exhaustion which includes insomnia, fatigue, headaches and emotional problems including depression, neurasthenia becomes a recognized effect after trauma : The Aetiology of Hysteria and Studies on Hysteria what becomes known as the "seduction theory", an account of the damaging effects of child sexual abuse on females, which is based his patients.
Anemia is believed to be a major contributor.
Surgeon Anthony Bowlby notes the high number of soldiers incapacitated with headaches and pains or muscle paralysis, often diagnosing rheumatism rather than recognizing these as post-traumatic responses. He remarks on the lack of mental disorders.Medical treatment ranged from the gentle to the cruel.
Freudian techniques of talk and physical therapy helped many victims, while more extreme methods involved electric shock therapy. During the latter, patients were electrocuted in the hope of stimulating paralyzed nerves, vocal chords, or limbs.
Mar 10, · The British army dealt with 80, cases of shell shock during WW1. Explore how the army tackled this trauma, and how it was regarded by those back home. Thesis Statement: Shell shock is an epidemic that affects men during wartime and the treatment of shell shock victims varies widely; ranging from the use of disciplinary approach or practices up to the use of technological advancements such as the electro-shock treatment.
Anton Kaes in his book Shell Shock Cinema: Weimar Culture and the Wounds of War says moving-picture cameras, deployed by then for mental health diagnoses, played the same role in the making. Treated at the famous Craiglockhart Hydropathic Establishment—refitted as a mental hospital for shell shock victims—Wilfred Owen composed such staples of war poetry as “Dulce et Decorum Est,” written during his stay in Hypnotism used to treat shell shock victims in their book on the nature and treatment of “shell-shock,” which added so greatly to the prestige of its writers, committed themselves to the.