In small groups for each region, students will observe and note details of pictures, maps, and advertisements in order to describe each region. Students will use historical reading skills to conclude how the geography and natural environment influenced the economic specialization of each region with special attention to the early colonial era.
Their differences in religion, politics, economics, and social issues, and the way they dealt with them, are what shaped our country into what we are today. The Puritans founded the northern colonies of New England.
Not all New England colonists were Puritans, but the Puritan religion was a major influence in the seventeenth-century New England way of life Roark In the last half of the seventeenth century the Quakers began to populate Massachusetts. Quakers believe that neither preachers nor Bibles are necessary to worship God, which is the polar opposite of the Puritan religion.
Many New England communities treated Quakers poorly and many Quakers saw acts of violence inflicted on them in the name of God Roark Quakers began to populate the middle colonies aroundafter the English crown had seized the colony of New Netherland, renamed it New York, and encouraged the creation of a Quaker colony led by William Penn Roark In addition to the Quakers, many other religions began to settle in the middle colonies.
Religion in the southern colonies was not practiced with the enthusiasm that it was in New England. While most colonists of the south were Anglicans, their true faith lay in their tobacco plantations. The same was true for the Catholic founders of Maryland.
As their population grew, Protestants began to outnumber Catholics, though the Catholics continued to hold the power and influence. Just as in the other southern colonies, religion eventually took a back seat to tobacco in Maryland Roark Politics in the colonies were as varied as their religious preferences.
The Massachusetts Bay Company stockholders, known as freemen, were empowered by charter to meet as a body called the General Court. The General Court made laws and governed the company. The colonists of New England took the General Court concept and used it to govern their colonies.
The General Court ruled that freemen could only be male church members to make sure only godly men could decide government issues. The number of freemen eventually grew too large so they agreed to send two deputies from each colony to the General Court to act as representatives for the colony Roark The middle colonies were ruled largely by the British monarchy until William Penn was granted land by the throne and formed Pennsylvania.
Voters had to be Christian, as well as anyone wishing to hold office, but the local government did not force settlers to attend church or to pay taxes to support the church, as in other colonies.
Penn was free to rule his colony as he saw fit, and was answerable to only the king of England. Penn developed a colonial council made up of tax-paying landowners that had the power to develop laws and administrate the government. He also appointed a governor who had the power to veto any laws passed by the council.
The southern colonies, like Virginia, were ruled by the oldest legislative body in America, called the House of Burgesses Handlin The king of England appointed a royal governor, who in turn selected his council. This body was the upper house.
Representatives from each region in the colony were selected by their inhabitants to form the lower house; the House of Burgesses. Counties were established to provide government on the local level and were administered individually by a board of commissioners known as the county court.
These men were responsible for judicial and administrative matters in their area. A large majority of the southern colonies followed the Virginia model of government Kelley The rocky soil of New England did not permit the type of farming that was done in other regions.
For the first ten years, colonists were forced to trade with the Indians for animal pelts that were in demand in Europe Roark As settlers drove east in search of fur-bearing animals, they discovered vast forests, from which lumber would be exported to England.
The codfish eventually became the symbol of Massachusetts for its part in the prosperous New England economy Kelley Wheat was grown in abundance, with flour milling being the number one industry and flour being the number one export, making up almost three quarters of all exports from the middle colonies Roark Indentured servants who sold their services for periods of up to six, or more, years did much of the work.
Family labor also made up a large workforce for the colony. Slave labor was a long-term investment that was unattractive to all but the more affluent colonists of the area Roark The southern colonists learned, quickly, how to make a living growing tobacco.
They built huge plantations to grow massive crops of tobacco to be exported to England. Growing tobacco requires a large labor force, and at first the colonists were forced to rely on family members and indentured servants Roark Due to the differences in ideologies the colonies held, such as the Chesapeake Bay and New England colonies, the political, economical and cultural development differed between them.
Despite having very different ways of organizing life, diverse colonies, ultimately were able to resist British policies after the French Indian War by. The Political and Economical Differences Between the Spanish and English Colonies Frq The two most obvious differences between the Spanish and English were in the areas of religion and economic development.
Even in their homelands, Spain and England have very different forms of religion.
English Colonies Essay The English Colonies. The Similarities and Differences of the 13 Colonies. Differences of the 13 Colonies. Government All of the colonies did have a form of democracy even though the type will vary between the colonies Occupations And Social Status Southern Colonies Poor English immigrants came seeking better lives as .
Major Differences Between the Colonies. Quakers began to populate the middle colonies around , after the English crown had seized the colony of New Netherland, renamed it New York, and encouraged the creation of a Quaker colony led by William Penn (Roark 79).
In addition to the Quakers, many other religions began to settle in the middle. Essay on Spanish Colonies in New World The Spanish and English colonies varied in terms of religion such as immigration and opinions on salvation.
The Political and Economical Differences Between the Spanish and English Colonies Frq Research Paper.
Major Differences Between the Colonies. Quakers began to populate the middle colonies around , after the English crown had seized the colony of New Netherland, renamed it New York, and encouraged the creation of a Quaker colony led by William Penn (Roark 79). In addition to the Quakers, many other religions began to settle in .