Home Explanations For Crime.
Introduction Why do individuals commit crimes? At the same time, why is crime present in our society? The criminal justice system is very concerned with these questions, and criminologists are attempting to answer them.
Explanations for crime actuality, the question of why crime is committed is very difficult to answer. However, for centuries, people have been searching for answers Jacoby, It is important to recognize that there are many different explanations as to why individuals commit crime Conklin, One of the main explanations is based on psychological theories, which focus on the association among intelligence, personality, learning, and criminal behavior.
Thus, in any discussion concerning crime causation, one must contemplate psychological theories. When examining psychological theories of crime, one must be cognizant of the three major theories. The second is behavioral theory. Behavioral theorists have expanded the work of Gabriel Tarde through behavior modeling and social learning.
Also germane to psychological theories are personality and intelligence. Combined, these five theories or characteristics i. However, one should not assume this there is only one reason why a person commits crime.
Researchers looking for a single explanation should be cautious, because there is no panacea for the problem of crime. Early Research Charles Goring — discovered a relationship between crime and flawed intelligence.
Goring examined more than 3, convicts in England. It is important to note that Goring found no physical differences between noncriminals and criminals; however, he did find that criminals are more likely to be insane, to be unintelligent, and to exhibit poor social behavior.
A second pioneer is Gabriel Tarde —who maintained that individuals learn from each other and ultimately imitate one another. Interestingly, Tarde thought that out of individuals, only 1 was creative or inventive and the remainder were prone to imitation Jacoby, This theory was originated by Sigmund Freud —the founder of psychoanalysis.
Imperative to this theory are the three elements or structures that make up the human personality: Freud believed the id represents the uncons cious biological drives for food, sex, and other necessities over the life span.
Most important is the idea that the id is concerned with instant pleasure or gratification while disregarding concern for others. This is known as the pleasure principle, and it is often paramount when discussing criminal behavior.
All too often, one sees news stories and studies about criminal offenders who have no concern for anyone but themselves.Psychological theories of crime came to the existence around , and their primary concern was to find a supporting link between crime and low intelligence.
Furthermore, psychological researches found the difference of 8 points in IQ scores between delinquents and non-delinquents. EXPLANATIONS OF CRIME:Sociological explanations Introduction to Sociology Social Sciences Sociology. Biological theories of crime attempt to explain behaviors contrary to societal expectations through examination of individual characteristics.
These theories. Psychological Theories of Crime When examining psychological theories of crime, one must be cognizant of the three major theories. The first is psychodynamic theory, which is centered on the notion that an individual’s early childhood experience influences his .
When examining psychological theories of crime, one must be cognizant of the three major theories. The first is psychodynamic theory, which is centered on. Biological Explanations of Crime Biological Explanations of Crime Crime Statistics from the Chicago Police Department Biological Explanations of crime Cesare Lombroso William Sheldon Neurological Defects Conclusion Biological Explanations of Crime In society today, crime rates are .