Literary form[ edit ] The Symposium is considered a dialogue — a form used by Plato in more than thirty works — but in fact it is predominantly a series of essay-like speeches from differing points of view. With dialogue, Socrates is renowned for his dialectic, which is his ability to ask questions that encourage others to think deeply about what they care about, and articulate their ideas.
Pythagoreanism Although Socrates influenced Plato directly as related in the dialogues, the influence of Pythagoras upon Plato also appears to have significant discussion in the philosophical literature. Pythagoras, or in a broader sense, the Pythagoreans, allegedly exercised an important influence on the work of Plato.
Harethis influence consists of three points: It is probable that both were influenced by Orphism. The physical world of becoming is an imitation of the mathematical world of being. These ideas were very influential on HeraclitusParmenides and Plato. Metaphysics These two philosophers, following the way initiated by pre-Socratic Greek philosophers like Pythagoras, depart from mythology and begin the metaphysical tradition that strongly influenced Plato and continues today.
His image of the river, with ever-changing waters, is well known. According to this theory, there is a world of perfect, eternal, and changeless forms, the realm of Being, and an imperfect sensible world of becoming that partakes of the qualities of the forms, and is its instantiation in the sensible world.
The precise relationship between Plato and Socrates remains an area of contention among scholars. Plato makes it clear in his Apology of Socrates that he was a devoted young follower of Socrates.
In that dialogue, Socrates is presented as mentioning Plato by name as one of those youths close enough to him to have been corrupted, if he were in fact guilty of corrupting the youth, and questioning why their fathers and brothers did not step forward to testify against him if he was indeed guilty of such a crime 33d—34a.
Phaedo 59b Plato never speaks in his own voice in his dialogues. In any case, Xenophon and Aristophanes seem to present a somewhat different portrait of Socrates from the one Plato paints.
In the times of Homer and Hesiod 8th century BC they were quite synonyms, and contained the meaning of tale or history. Later came historians like Herodotus and Thucydides, as well as philosophers as Parmenides and other Presocratics that introduced a distinction between both terms, and mythos became more a nonverifiable account, and logos a rational account.
Instead he made an abundant use of it. This fact has produced analytical and interpretative work, in order to clarify the reasons and purposes for that use. Plato, in general, distinguished between three types of myth. Then came the myths based on true reasoning, and therefore also true.
Finally there were those non verifiable because beyond of human reason, but containing some truth in them. He considered that only a few people were capable or interested in following a reasoned philosophical discourse, but men in general are attracted by stories and tales.
Consequently, then, he used the myth to convey the conclusions of the philosophical reasoning. Aristotle gestures to the earth, representing his belief in knowledge through empirical observation and experience, while holding a copy of his Nicomachean Ethics in his hand.
Plato holds his Timaeus and gestures to the heavens, representing his belief in The Forms. In ancient Athens, a boy was socially located by his family identity, and Plato often refers to his characters in terms of their paternal and fraternal relationships.
Socrates was not a family man, and saw himself as the son of his mother, who was apparently a midwife. A divine fatalist, Socrates mocks men who spent exorbitant fees on tutors and trainers for their sons, and repeatedly ventures the idea that good character is a gift from the gods.
In the Theaetetus, he is found recruiting as a disciple a young man whose inheritance has been squandered. Socrates twice compares the relationship of the older man and his boy lover to the father-son relationship Lysis a, Republic 3. Socrates is often found arguing that knowledge is not empirical, and that it comes from divine insight.
In many middle period dialogues, such as the Phaedo, Republic and Phaedrus Plato advocates a belief in the immortality of the soul, and several dialogues end with long speeches imagining the afterlife. More than one dialogue contrasts knowledge and opinion, perception and realitynature and custom, and body and soul.
Several dialogues tackle questions about art: Socrates says that poetry is inspired by the musesand is not rational.Forms of Love in Plato's Symposium Essay The Significance of Feet in Plato’s Symposium Plato’s Symposium presents an account of the party given at the house of Agathon, where Socrates and Alcibiades are in attendance.
More about Essay on Plato's Symposium.
Aristophanes's Speech from Plato's Symposium Words | 12 Pages;. Plato’s Symposium is a series of speeches on Love given at a party in ancient Greece. They deal with questions of: what Love is; interpersonal relationships through love; what types of love are worthy of praise; the purpose of love; and others.
Aristophanes gives the most original speech on love. He tells an origin story, where Zeus cut. Aristophanes’ speech focuses on Human Nature and a mythical account of how Love plays out among humans. First he explains that long ago there were three types of human beings: male, female, and androgynous, a form made up of male and female elements.
. - The Significance of Feet in Plato’s Symposium Plato’s Symposium presents an account of the party given at the house of Agathon, where Socrates and Alcibiades are in attendance. Platos "The Symposium" - Aristophanes' Theory of Love in the Symposium 2.
Aristophanes' Theory of love: from Plato's Symposium The love as discussed by the. The Symposium, written by Plato, is an account of the different speeches given during a dinner party.
Each speech given is by a different person and each speech is the speaker’s own theory on love. An intriguing speech given is the one by Aristophanes, the comedian. Aristophanes' Theory of love: from Plato's Symposium The love as discussed by the characters in the Symposium is homosexual love.
Some assumed that homosexuality alone is capable of satisfying “a man’s highest and noblest aspirations”.