Historical context[ edit ] The Pilgrims who arrived on the Mayflower and founded Plymouth Plantation expended great effort forging friendship and peace with the American Indians around Cape Cod. They traveled long distances to make peace with Massasoitchief of the Wampanoag tribe, and Governor William Bradford made a gift of his prized red horse coat upon seeing that the chief admired it.
Within a decade or so, dog shows and homes for dogs were firmly installed in Britain and being exported to other countries, bringing with them the morally schizophrenic attitude to domesticated animals that critics take to be characteristic of contemporary society, An introduction to the life of philip greenwood the lives of the petted few serve to point out the exploitation or neglect of the many.
The fact that the event was an addendum to a long established agricultural show also implies its essentially rural, rustic character. The temptation to relegate the countryside to the world we have lost must be resisted, however.
As with all successes, dog shows seem to have met a need, and in turn to have enhanced and stimulated it; commercial sponsorship followed, along with aristocratic patrons, and the entire panoply of Victorian associational culture, including the rules and conventions and institutions of good government, culminating in the hegemony of the Kennel Club of Great Britain establishedprecisely in order to impose a measure of consistency on the burgeoning dog shows.
It is worth stressing just how recent is the classification of these races and classes of canine society.
The beginning of the first modern attempts to establish true breed standards followed only a very few years later. As its full name indicates, two categories of boarders were immediately envisaged: Like the dog show, animal rescue homes are a part of the world we have inherited from the Victorians.
The most cynical critics wondered whether the capital needed perhaps a home for lost and starving rats, and collectively wagged their heads at this sentimental perversion of the contemporary fad for providing homes for the homeless. A home for lost animals appeared to many of these critics a home too far.
Curiously enough, within a mile of that great dog-show at Islington there existed, and exists still, another dog-show of a very different kind, and forming as complete a contrast to the first as can well be imagined.
To rescue these miserable animals from slow starvation; to provide an asylum where, if it is of the slightest use, they can be restored with food, and kept till a situation can be found for them; or where the utterly useless and diseased cur can be in an instant put out of his misery with a dose of prussic acid; to effect these objects, and also to provide a means of restoring lost dogs to their owners, a society has actually been formed, and has worked for some year and a half with very tolerable success.
Now, really, among all the queer things which a man might devote a whole lifetime to routing out and which lie within the limits of this metropolis, the existence of such an association as this is one of the queerest. It is the kind of institution which a very sensitive person who had suffered acutely from witnessing the misery of a starving animal would wish for, without imagining for a moment that it could ever seriously exist.
At all events, and whether the sentiment be wholesome or morbid, it is worthy of record that such a place exists; an extraordinary monument of the remarkable affection with which English people regard the race of dogs; an evidence of that hidden fund of feeling which survives in some hearts even the rough ordeal of London life in the nineteenth century.
But this is rather too rosy an overview, and it indicates very neatly the problems with any Whiggish that is, always progressive history of attitudes to animals.
This metropolitan experiment was a template for national legislation, and the provisions for the rounding up and destruction of stray and dangerous dogs laid down in the Dogs Act of are surely more important to the success of the Home than the working out of a humanitarian geist.
The proliferation of dog breeds and the complementary work of rescue homes suggest that we, and our dogs, live in the world that the Victorians created.
It is not an unproblematic claim, for we are always likely to do injustice to the past if we indulge in the worst kind of stadial history a history, that is, narrated via stages of increasing development, complexity, progress and enlightenmentand this danger is only the more acute when it comes to nonhuman animals, who have obviously no conception themselves of historical periodicities, and for whom historiographical conventions have no meaning.
With less overt snobbery, historians have similarly questioned the utility of flat periodizations when it comes to those at the margins of human history, including nonhuman animals. This does not mean that dogs and other animals do not participate in history, however, nor that we cannot with care write their history.
Instead, we should see these particular dogs in this particular moment as inviting and inciting action: He is the author of Geographies of Regulation: Britain, Representation and Nineteenth-Century History.
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“A delightful read for anyone tantalized by the prospect of disappearing without a trace.” —Erik Larson. Introduction: CONTENTS LIST: What are clerical detectives?
I take clerical detectives to mean any detective with a significant church or religious background, so I include not only priests (male and female), ministers, monks, nuns, ex-nuns, a Shaker, two rabbis (and rabbis' widows and ministers' wives), a church administrator, and a clerk of a Quaker Meeting, but choirmaster/organists.
The Queen's Service Medal. ALENE-TUMATAIKI, Mrs Foumana. For services to the Niue community and education. Mrs Foumana Alene-Tumataiki ran an arts and crafts group for young mothers and seniors within the Niuean community from to , which was later registered as the Matakau Niue Fiti Lagalaki Trust and led to the establishment of .